American Civil War in the News is a edited review of American Civil War related news and articles, providing collection of hand-picked 1861-1865 era history.

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Artillery - American Civil War

Latest hand-picked Civil War news and articles.

One of the largest fully functional Civil War reproduction cannon
Steen Cannon and Ordnance Works delivered one of the largest fully functional Civil War reproduction cannons to a National Park in Georgia. For the last 3 months it has been perfecting the 4,200-pound artillery piece, which arrived at Fort Pulaski National Park in Savannah, Ga. Marshall Steen said the gun will be used in the park's live demonstrations. "Fort Pulaski has had living history programs for many years. They decided they wanted to step up and be the No. 1 historical site for big gun demonstrations." The cannon is a 30-Pounder Parrott, named after its inventor Robert Parker Parrott. In April 1862, the cannon was used during the Siege of Fort Pulaski.

Files of Confederate colonel - leader of the Washington Artillery
A suitcase containing the life of a Confederate commander was shuttled between attics for decades. Not even its owner Jack Castles took an interest in the scrapbook and files of Lt. Col. Benjamin Franklin Eshleman, leader of the famed Washington Artillery, until he retired. "When I read through them, I realized that they give you a very unique glimpse into what motivated these people and how they dealt with their lives after the Civil War." After years in transit, the collection is in the public domain, preserved inside the rare books vault at the University of South Carolina Beaufort South Campus.

Boom time for armory as Civil War-era shell turns up   (Article no longer available from the original source)
York City experienced a blast from the past. A local man brought a very old artillery shell to the National Guard Armory. "He came to us because he wanted to know if we could tell him what it was. ... We told him to put it down on the grass," said Sgt. Roman Fallon. Tim Utley took one look and called for the state police bomb squad. "Never in my wildest dreams did I think it would be a Civil War projectile. It was a Parrott round: an artillery projectile which was fired out of a 10-pound Parrott rifle. Robert P. Parrott is the individual who designed this gun, and he patented his Parrott rifle in 1861."

Artillery saved the day for the Union at Stone`s River
Artillery saved the day for Union forces at the Battle of Stones River. Key thing is how the Union Army of the Cumberland used cannon fire to hold back the Confederate onslaught. The classic way to describe the troop movements is to compare the Union army to an unfolded pocketknife. A hard attack on the Union right wing (the blade) pushed that part of the army back like a knife blade folding back into the handle. Precise use of artillery stopped that movement just before the battle became a victory for the Confederate Army. Union artillery units at Stones River were volunteer units with a few U.S. Regular Army batteries part of the mix.

Union artillery's role in battle during Pickett's Charge   (Article no longer available from the original source)
Civil War generals gain fame for their stirring quotes, but that's what Brig. General Henry Hunt probably would have said to his troops during the Battle of Gettysburg. After all, his ears would be ringing from commanding 58 batteries for 3 days of booming artillery barrages. Hunt's role was one of the more crucial to the battle. Those taking part in the Battle Walks can learn about Hunt's role and the debate over how well Union artillery was managed on the battle's final day during Pickett's Charge. Hunt was a noted artillery expert. He felt the artillery was his area of expertise, and had no care for the functions of infantry or cavalry.

Fredericksburg Park gets working cannon
The sound and smell of the brutal cannon barrages at the Battle of Fredericksburg must have been overwhelming. Soon, visitors to the Fredericksburg will get a taste of what it must have been like to have been positioned with Washington's Artillery of New Orleans on that commanding spot above Fredericksburg or with the 4th U.S. Artillery across the Rappahannock River on Stafford Heights. The military park, which is run by the National Park Service, has just received a finely detailed replica of a Napoleon, known as the "workhorse" of Civil War artillery.