American Civil War in the News is a edited review of American Civil War related news and articles, providing collection of hand-picked 1861-1865 era history.

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General Ulysses S. Grant

Latest hand-picked Civil War news and articles.

Ulysses S. Grant's last surviving great grandson dies at 91
Ulysses S. Grant, V, the last surviving great grandson of the 18th American President, Ulysses S. Grant, has passed away in his Battlefield, Missouri home, near to the Wilson Creek Battlefield. Grant moved to Battlefield in his later years becoming the family historian inheriting numerous historical artifacts from his grandfather, Jesse Grant, President Grant's youngest son

U. S. Grant: American Hero, American Myth by Joan Waugh (Book review)
The decline of Ulysses S. Grant's fame into that of a figure almost vilified by later historians is an American injustice, his biographer says. History professor Joan Waugh explores both Grant - as a Civil War hero - and his tarnished image in "U.S. Grant: American Hero, American Myth." Waugh, who spent 10 years researching her 400-page book, explains: "He was a huge hero.. Grant was front and center in the American imagination from the Battle of Fort Donelson in 1862 until his death. He was the first president elected to 2 terms since Andrew Jackson, and he was the first ex-president to go on a world tour."

Ulysses S. Grant letters found in museum archives in Freeport
As museum director for the Stephenson County Historical Society in Freeport, one of Ed Finch's duties is keeping track of all the items received at the museum. While browsing through a safe at the museum, he ran across documents in a box which had been untouched for some time. As he looked at the contents of the box, a small sheaf of papers got his attention. "I thought Wow!" In his hands were letters written by Ulysses S. Grant. One of the letters, to Union General William Tecumseh Sherman, is lengthy and discusses Grant's plans to move against Confederate forces in Mississippi.

U. S. Grant: American Hero, American Myth by Joan Waugh (book review)
"Why did Grant's star shine so brightly for Americans of his own day, and why has it been eclipsed so completely for Americans since at least the mid-twentieth century?" Though there can be no definitive answer, but history professor Joan Waugh explores some good reasons. Grant was widely recognized during the war by his troops and residents of the Union, and after Appomattox by many Southerners, who were thankful for his generosity toward Southern soldiers and officers at the surrender and for his attempts as president to reconcile the former enemies and reunite the nation.

Auburn University obtains surrender letter Ulysses S. Grant wrote to Robert E. Lee
A rare letter from Union General Ulysses S. Grant to Confederate General Robert E. Lee details the surrender of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and setting the stage for the end of the Civil War. The handwritten letter (April 10, 1865) is a copy Grant made of a letter he wrote to Lee after Lee formally surrendered at Appomattox. Grant calls on Confederate forces to give up artillery and pledge their loyalty to the U.S., but says that officers can keep side arms and all of the soldiers can return to their homes "not to be disturbed by the United States authorities as long as they observe their Parolle & the laws inforced where they reside."

Vicksburg 1863 by Winston Groom [book review]
The 5 maps included in Groom's account of the Union campaign to grab the Confederacy's Mississippi River stronghold of Vicksburg all but tell that story just by themselves. The maps reveals 5 of General Ulysses S. Grant's 8 failed efforts to grab the city. Including digging a canal to cut off the river's turn under the Confederate guns on Vicksburg's bluffs and advances through the bayous north and south of the city. There also were efforts by the Union's ironclad fleet to run the gauntlet of the guns. The eighth attempt, a 200-mile loop through the rivers and bayous north of the city, was "one of the strangest wartime expeditions in naval history."

Ulysses S. Grant marches south again - Or at least his archives
The University of Virginia has Thomas Jefferson, Columbia University has Alexander Hamilton. And for 40 years, Southern Illinois University had Ulysses S. Grant. But that came to an end when the Carbondale campus was forced to let go the world's largest collection of Grant papers. After a almost yearlong conflict with the school, the Ulysses S. Grant Association, which owns the material, relocated almost 100 file cabinets (300,000 items) with documents and memorabilia to Mississippi State University. No one will talk on the record about what provoked the move.

General Ulysses S. Grant expels Jews from war zone Dec. 17, 1862
On Dec. 17, 1862 Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) released an order during the American Civil War expelling Jews from a large region occupied by the Union Army. Having taken charge of trading licenses, Grant accused Jewish community of illegally trading in black-market cotton. Grant`s order demanded all Jews to leave the region within 24 hours or face imprisonment. Union officers began to force Jewish families out of their homes with only what they could carry. Grant came under the influence of the Union armies` general-in-chief Henry Halleck, who linked "traitors" with "Jew peddlers." At one point Grant called "the Israelites" as "an intolerable nuisance."

Men Of Fire: Grant, Forrest and the Campaign that Decided Civil War   (Article no longer available from the original source)
In "Men of Fire: Grant, Forrest and the Campaign That Decided the Civil War" Jack Hurst dissects the 7-month period from Sept 1861 to March 1862, when the reputations of 2 of America`s greatest fighting men were forged. Warfare in the 19th century was a messy, politically charged and ego-driven endeavor. That Ulysses S. Grant had been a failure as a peacetime soldier is widely known. He was so plagued by reports of drunkenness that he resigned his commission in 1854, despite a promising start in the earlier Mexican War. When he rejoined the army in 1861, Grant rose quickly to the rank of brigadier general despite accusations of incompetence and corruption.

Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's sword draws $1.6 Million at Civil War auction   (Article no longer available from the original source)
A gold and silver, diamond-adorned sword once owned by General Ulysses S. Grant brought a winning bid of more than $1.6 million in an auction of Civil War items. The sword given to Grant by citizens of Kentucky in 1864 to honor his promotion to General-in-Chief of all Union forces was one of the star items among the 750 to be auctioned by Heritage Auction Galleries of Dallas. Another showcase item was Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer's frayed battle flag, which went for $896,250. Another item of note was a "Bonnie Blue" flag carried by the 3rd Texas State Cavalry - $47,800.

The largest mausoleum in America: General Grant National Memorial
The General Grant National Memorial, " Grant's Tomb", has adorned this spot since its commemoration 110 years ago. Here are held the remains of Ulysses S. Grant and his wife Julia Grant. It is the largest mausoleum in America with 8100 square feet. Recently, the Tomb celebrated Grant's 185th birthday and the 10th anniversary of its $1.8 million restoration completed in time for its centennial celebration. When he died, Grant had been elevated to the status of a national hero who had saved the nation from dissolution as commander of all Union armies, and as a president who ushered in an era of peace and equality.

Union Wins its First Victory - The Civil War battle for Fort Donelson
The Civil War battle for Fort Donelson in 1862 marked the first Union success after 10 months of bungling by inept generals. And it launched the career of the man who led the Northern armies to victory. Grant thought that his forces could attack along the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers into the Confederate heartland, because those two waterways were guarded by vulnerable forts. Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck didn`t trust Grant, so he refused the request. But Grant discussed his plan with Flag-Officer Andrew H. Foote, who commanded ironclad gunboats and other war vessels. Foote persuaded Halleck to agree to a combined land and water attack on the forts.

Infamous General Order No. 11 by Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant
On Dec. 17, 1862, in the worst official act of anti-Semitism in U.S. history, Union General Ulysses S. Grant issued "General Order No. 11," expelling the Jews "as a class" from conquered territories within 24 hours. And Grant also issued orders on Nov. 9 and 10, banning southward travel, stating that "the Israelites especially should be kept out... the department must be purged of them." Other top Union officials endorsed the order, and it was not until Jan. 4, 1863, that Lincoln had Grant's odious order rescinded. But by then, families had been expelled, humiliated, terrified and jailed and some stripped of their possessions.

Book sheds new light on civil war general U.S. Grant   (Article no longer available from the original source)
Before he became famous general in the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant was given command of Union forces at a strategically located little-known river town Cairo, Illinois. His experiences there honed his military skills that would be called on by Lincoln and turned the tide in favor of the North, which was being outfoxed by Confederate forces on their way to winning the war. Grant`s time at Cairo is the subject of "Key Command: Ulysses S. Grant`s District of Cairo." Grant set out to reclaim the River valley from rebel forces using his strategic skills. Capture of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in 1862 marked the first major Union victories.

Spot where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant
The Appomattox National Historical Park does not stand as a tribute to the Union victory or a shrine to the Confederate defeat. Rather, it presents the honor among rivals. This is the spot where, on April 9, 1865, Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered his Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, setting into motion the end of the Civil War. One day after the surrender, Lee and Grant met for a second time to discuss further details. Grant issued "parole passes" to all Confederate soldiers. One Southern soldier observed that Grant and his men treated the Confederates "more nobly than was ever a conquered Army treated before or since."

Confederates weren`t the only enemies Ulysses S. Grant faced
Confederates weren`t the only enemies Ulysses S. Grant faced during the Civil War. He also confronted alcoholism, jealous Union generals and backbiting politicians throughout most of the four-year war between the North and the South. These lesser-known struggles off the battlefield are the focus of much of Edward G. Longacre`s General Ulysses S. Grant: The Soldier and the Man, which paints a balanced picture of Grant`s roller-coaster life from childhood through the end of the Civil War.

Civil War forged bond between generals
In 1981, Charles Bracelen Flood paid tribute to Robert E. Lee in Lee: The Last Years, which chronicles the last five years of the Confederate general`s life. A quarter of a century later, Flood gives Ulysses S. Grant his due along with another Union general, William T. Sherman, in Grant and Sherman: The Friendship That Won the Civil War. "It was a close friendship, beyond being a military partnership," Flood said in an interview.