Robert E. Lee: Outwitted and outmaneuvered during West Virginia campaign
Robert E. Lee's rise to the peak of success as Confederate military leader seemed unlikely as he rode through the West Virginia 150 years ago. After three months of failure in engagements with Union troops at Cheat Mountain, Elkwater and Sewell Mountain, Lee had been recalled to the Confederate capital of Richmond. "Outwitted, outmaneuvered and outgeneraled," wrote an editorialist for the Richmond Examiner, in commenting on Lee's recall. Other newspapers referred to him as "Granny Lee" for his lack of military decisiveness or the "King of Spades" and the "Great Entrencher" for his propensity for building earthworks to protect his soldiers, rather than attack the enemy.
Robert E. Lee tintype picture fetches $23,001 for Goodwill
A Goodwill worker who spotted a photograph of Confederate General Robert E. Lee has helped the charity make $23,001 in an online auction. The tintype photograph was in a bin, about to be shipped out to an outlet store, when a worker grabbed it and sent it to the charity's local online department. The item was put up for auction.
American Experience: Robert E. Lee on PBS on January 3
PBS will premiere American Experience, Robert E. Lee, on January 3, 2011 at 9:00 PM EST. The 90 minute documentary film explores the life and times and legacy of Robert E. Lee.
In pursuit of Robert E. Lee
On May 23, 1864, General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia was fleeing south towards Richmond from its crushing loss of more than 4,000 men killed, wounded and taken POWs at the battles of Spotsylvania. On the way, they stopped to fight the pursuing federal troops at Jericho Ford on the North Anna River in Virginia. Lee's men set up rifle pits and fortifications a mile south of the river. Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Potomac, now under the command of General George Meade, crossed the river to face Lee's army in a fight described as "stronger than any before encountered."
General Lee's Army: From Victory to Collapse by Joseph Glaathaar
The men of the Confederate States of America had liberty on their minds when they enlisted in the fight to save slavery. "Better to die freemen than live as slaves," said a Texan soldier. Today, the notion of freedom lovers fighting for slavery is odd. But the troops of Dixie had no problem merging their faith in democracy with a commitment to keeping blacks in bondage. In the minds of the soldiers, "just as Revolutionary War veterans had fought to secure liberty for their descendents, so must they preserve it for future generations," writes Joseph Glatthaar in General Lee`s Army: From Victory to Collapse.
Three Confederate General Robert E. Lee war letters net $61,000
3 letters written by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee during the Civil War sold for $61,000. The prices were far off the record $630,000 a Lee item sold for in 2002. But 2 letters from the general who ended the war with surrender in 1865 sold last year for $5,000 and $1,900. The letters were among more than 400 documents Thomas Willcox put up for auction. Estimates placed the total sales at less than $400,000. David Ellison spent $27,000 for a Lee letter that talked about using slave labor to build defenses. Cal Packard spent $100,000 - his biggest prize was original documents tied to South Carolina's secession convention in Charleston, including Pickens' copies.
Mary Custis Lee's trunks memorabilia tell much about Robert E. Lee
Two old trunks sit in the rare-book room at the Virginia Historical Society. The larger one is brown with a piece of tin patching a hole. On one side, a name is stenciled: "M. LEE." That's Mary Custis Lee, General Robert E. Lee's adventurous eldest daughter. In 1917, she stored wooden trunks in the "silver vault" in the basement of Burke & Herbert Bank & Trust in Alexandria. A year later, she died. Her trunks sat in a dusty corner of the vault for 84 years, unclaimed, until E. Hunt Burke discovered them in 2002. The trunks were stuffed with Lee family papers - a cache of 4,000 letters, photographs and documents.
A stunning discovery - Trunks yield Lee treasures
Archivist Lee Shepard has laid his hands on some remarkable documents and artifacts. George Washington's earliest surviving land survey and items from the estate of Paul Mellon jump to the top of his list. But the competition has heated up since the discovery of 2 trunks containing letters, papers, journals and financial records collected by Mary Custis Lee, the eldest daughter of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee. One of the most powerful is Lee's 1863 note to the HQ of the Army of Northern Virginia announcing Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's death. "The daring, skill and energy of this great and good soldier, by the decree of an all-wise Providence, are now lost to us."
Robert E. Lee papers on display -- General Order No. 9
The Texas Civil War Museum in Fort Worth is offering an exhibit about General Robert E. Lee as part of its first-anniversary celebration, including a limited showing of Lee's General Order No. 9, his farewell to his troops in the Army of Northern Virginia. The document was signed April 10, 1865, the day after the surrender at Appomattox. 13 original copies of the order are known to exist. Other permanent and rotating exhibits also can be seen, including newly acquired Civil War hand grenades and a torpedo mine.
200th anniversary of Robert E. Lee's birth to be commemorated
History buffs are marking the 200th anniversary of the birth of Gen. Robert E. Lee, the Southern icon that many still revere as a brilliant military strategist and a Virginia gentleman. Several events were planned through the weekend at key Lee sites, including Washington & Lee University, Lee's birthplace at Stratford Hall Plantation, and in Richmond, the former Confederate capital. "But perhaps his greatest moments came after the war, when he worked very hard to reconcile a country that was still deeply divided after a bitter internal conflict," said S. Waite Rawls III.
Remembering Robert E. Lee's 200th Birthday
Some people are calling 2007 "The Year of Lee." Robert E. Lee, a man whose military tactics have been studied worldwide, was an American soldier, educator, gentlemen, husband and father. "All the South has ever desired was that the Union as established by our forefathers, should be preserved, and that the government, as originally organized, should be administered in purity and truth." His father, "Light Horse" Harry Lee, was a Revolutionary War hero, Governor of Virginia and a member of the House of Representatives. In 1825 Lee went to the US Military Academy at West Point. He graduated in 1829, second in his class and without a single demerit.
Rare portrait of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee to be showcased
A portrait of Confederate General Robert E. Lee not publicly seen since 1868 is being displayed as part of the Museum of the Confederacy's commemoration of the iconic Civil War leader's 200th birthday. The portrait's owner, a Richmond Civil War enthusiast who declined to be identified, plans to have 500 prints of the painting made and sell them for $300 each to benefit the financially ailing museum, which has faced encroaching development and declining attendance for the past several years.
The Death of Robert E. Lee (Article no longer available from the original source)
General Robert E. Lee, who died on October 12, 1870, is honored throughout America. While serving as U.S. President, Dwight Eisenhower was criticized for displaying a portrait of Robert E. Lee in his office. The president's response was kind but honest and here is a part of what he said; "General Robert E. Lee was, in my estimation, one of the supremely gifted men produced by this nation." After Lee's death, memorial meetings were also held throughout the South and as far North as New York. The coming year 2007, is being called "The Year of Lee", as Lee's 200th birthday will be remembered on January 19, 2007.
Spot where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant
The Appomattox National Historical Park does not stand as a tribute to the Union victory or a shrine to the Confederate defeat. Rather, it presents the honor among rivals. This is the spot where, on April 9, 1865, Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered his Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, setting into motion the end of the Civil War. One day after the surrender, Lee and Grant met for a second time to discuss further details. Grant issued "parole passes" to all Confederate soldiers. One Southern soldier observed that Grant and his men treated the Confederates "more nobly than was ever a conquered Army treated before or since."