American Civil War in the News is a edited review of American Civil War related news and articles, providing collection of hand-picked 1861-1865 era history.

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Hunley Submarine - Civil War

Latest hand-picked Civil War news and articles.

Complete Confederate Civil War submarine Hunley unveiled for first time
Confederate vessel H.L. Hunley, the world's first successful combat submarine when it sank a Union ship in 1864, was unveiled in full for the first time after a decade of preservation. The narrow "torpedo fish," built in Mobile, Alabama by Horace Hunley from cast iron, arrived in Charleston in 1863 while the city was under siege. In the ensuing few months, it sank twice after sea trial accidents, killing 13 crew members including Horace Hunley. The Confederate Navy hauled the sub up twice, recovered the bodies of the crew, and planned a winter attack - which succeeded in sinking the Union warship Housatonic in winter 1864.

Peek inside a hand-cranked Civil War submarine Hunley
Peek inside a hand-cranked Civil War submarine Hunley.

Replica of historic Confederate submarine in Jacksonville
Ever since Calvin Hart first laid his eyes on the replica of the CSS Hunley, he has been trying to get the full-scale model of one of the world's earliest submarines to visit the First Coast, but the timing never worked out, until now.

H. L. Hunley research project celebrates its 10th year but mysteries remain about the confederate submarine
When the H.L. Hunley - a third-generation submarine designed by engineer James McClintock - surfaced on August 8, 2000, Warren Lasch could not believe what he saw. There was the lost Civil War submarine, suspended in its lift cradle, encrusted with 136 years' of sand. The Friends of the Hunley chairman had spent years bracing himself for the moment. But that morning, Lasch was amazed by the army of reporters, surrounding the submarine. "We expected regional interest, not national and international stories. But it was not just a southern thing; it was a national thing, a science, history, mystery and research thing."

Civil War submarine Hunley is still a mystery
It could be one of the America's oldest cold case files. What happened to 8 Confederate sailors aboard the H.L. Hunley after it became the first submarine to sink an enemy warship? Its fate has been the subject of 150 years of theories and a decade of research since the Hunley was raised in 2000. But the submarine has been slow giving up her secrets. "She was a mystery when she was built. She was a mystery as to how she looked and how she was constructed for many years and she is still a mystery as to why she didn't come home," said Glenn McConnell, chairman of the South Carolina Hunley Commission, which raised the sub and is preserves and displays it.

Another piece of puzzle about fate of Confederate submarine Hunley
For years, many people have thought the crew of the Hunley drowned 4 miles off the coast of Sullivan's Island while attempting to pump out seawater. But it may not have happened that way. Scientists have found out the Hunley's network of plumbing was not set to bilge the Civil War-era sub on the night of Feb. 17, 1864. Clearly the crew wasn't pumping water out of the 40-foot sub's crew compartment in its last minutes. The find supports the theory that after the Hunley sank the USS Housatonic, there was a 2-hour wait for the tide, and the crew sat the sub down on the ocean floor and ran out of air.

Artifacts from the South's submarine are turning fable into fact
In a war filled with stories, the H. L. Hunley's is one of the standouts. An invention born of desperation, the Confederacy's secret weapon was the first submarine ever to sink an enemy warship. The craft was an example of creativity and engineering under difficult circumstances. The Hunley is also one of the biggest Civil War mysteries left. Since the conflict ended in 1865, about 50,000 books have been published on every aspect of its politics, strategies, daily life, combat, and civilian experiences. But in that avalanche, the complete story of the Hunley submarine has never been told.

Hatch first part of Confederate submarine Hunley to be restored
Scientists say a hatch cover of the Confederate submarine HL Hunley will be the first part of the sub to be restored using a process approved by the US Navy. The Navy has approved plans to conserve the hand-cranked sub by soaking it in high pH water to remove corrosive salts from the iron. The Hunley sank with its crew of 8 after sending the Union blockade ship Housatonic to the bottom in 1864. The sub was located in 1995 and raised in 2000 from the Atlantic off Charleston.

Rebel submarine Hunley may reveal its secrets in a year
In a year's time, scientists hope to solve the mystery of why the Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley sank, the chairman of the South Carolina Hunley Commission said. "Between the science of archaeology and the science of conservation in that laboratory, they will solve the ultimate mystery. I think it's reasonable to say we're probably within a year of solving that." The hand-cranked Hunley sank the Union blockade ship Housatonic in 1864, becoming the first submarine in history to sink an enemy warship.

New research fills in life of Hunley crewman Arnold Becker   (Article no longer available from the original source)
When Arnold Becker was buried two years ago, little was known about him except that he was the smallest and youngest crewman aboard the Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley. He served on the CSS General Polk and was aboard the Confederate ironclad Arkansas, which in 1862 ran a gauntlet of 39 union vessels on the Mississippi before reaching the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg. New research and a Confederate surgeon's journal have helped fill in the life of Becker, one of eight crewmen who died when the Hunley, the first sub in history to sink an enemy warship, sank off Charleston in 1864.

Scientists remove Civil War sub rear hatch
Scientists removed the rear hatch on the Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley, although the work won't immediately remove the questions about the sinking of the sub in 1864. The 40-foot, hand-cranked sub, the first in history to sink an enemy warship, sank off Charleston after sending the Union blockade ship Housatonic to the bottom on Feb. 17, 1864. The 8 Hunley crew members went down with the sub. The Hunley has two towers with hatches but the rear hatch was locked. The fact it was locked indicates the crew didn't sense an emergency in the last minutes of the sub.

Clue found in mystery of Confederate Civil War sub Hunley
Scientists say they may have found a clue in the mystery of why the Confederate submarine Hunley sank 140 years ago after making history by sinking an enemy warship in battle. Archaeologists working to restore the submarine recovered six years ago from the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean have found evidence the forward hatch may have been opened intentionally on the night the sub sank. If the hatch was intentionally unlocked, there are several possible explanations. Dixon could have opened it to see if the 40-foot vessel was damaged when it rammed a spar with a black powder charge into the Union blockade ship Housatonic on Feb. 17, 1864.

Submarine Hunley project officials challenge cost analysis   (Article no longer available from the original source)
Officials with the foundation preserving the Hunley dispute The State newspaper`s analysis that the current and future costs of preserving the Confederate submarine have risen to $97 million, saying the costs are much lower. Officials of the Friends of the Hunley say The State should not have included three items: (1) The estimated $42 million cost of a proposed museum for the Confederate sub. (2) The state`s $3.9 purchase of Civil War artifacts, known as the Peery collection. (3) The complete $35 million cost of a campus Clemson University wants to build around the North Charleston conservation laboratory that houses the Hunley.

Civil War submarines remain elusive prey   (Article no longer available from the original source)
Civil War submarines known to once be in Shreveport but unseen since that conflict continue to elude searchers. "The submarines look like they will stay an enigma for a while," said Ralph Wilbanks, the diver who led underwater efforts that found the Confederate submersible Hunley off Charleston Harbor in 1995. Wilbanks thinks the submarines were abandoned and salvaged after the Civil War. Wilbanks and his crew also made scanning runs over the site of the suspected grave of the Civil War warship Grand Duke, out in the middle of Red River just north of Cross Bayou.

Mystery: ID tag of a Union soldier aboard a sunken Confederate sub
An identification tag of a Killingly soldier had been found aboard a sunken Confederate submarine in Charleston, SC. Thus began the mystery and the search for answers as to why the dog tag of a Union soldier, Ezra Chamberlin, was on board the Confederate submarine, "H. L. Hunley," which sank in Charleston Harbor February 17, 1864, after ramming an explosive charge into the Union blockade ship "Housatonic" that sank it. The Hunley had been discovered in 1995 by Clive Cussler's National Underwater Agency (NUMA) and raised from the bottom of the harbor on August 8, 2000.

Confederate submarine Hunley raised after 136 years
The Confederate Civil War vessel Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, was brought to the surface after 136 years on the seabed, with its crew believed to be still aboard. The nine men who drove the submarine into its first and final encounter with the Union blockade ship Housatonic in 1864 did not escape. Having rammed the 23-gun sloop, jamming a torpedo bomb into its timbers with the aid of a harpoon fixed to its outer hull, the Hunley's crew then reversed their craft away from the target before pulling a rope to detonate the device. It is thought that the concussion from the explosion crippled the submarine.